The following are the grounds for retraction of published articles in European Journal of Social Sciences (EJSS)®
a. False authorship,
b. Clear evidence that findings are unreliable due to fraudulent use of data, data fabrication or multiple errors.
c. Redundant publication: findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing or permission
d. Major plagiarism ‘Clear plagiarism’: unattributed copying of another person’s data / findings, resubmission of an entire publication under another author’s name (either in the original language or in translation) or major copying of original material in the absence of any citation to the source, or unattributed use of original, published academic work, such as the hypothesis/idea of another person or group where this is a major part of the new publication and there is evidence that it was not developed independently. “self-plagiarism” or redundancy: When author(s) copy her or his own previously published material either in full or in part, without providing appropriate references.
e. Research conducted is unethical
The main purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its academic integrity. Articles maybe retracted by the authors or by journal editor. Normally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or in publication. However, we reserve the right to retract entire papers even after they have been accepted or have been published.
Notification of a critical error made by the journal which can affect the publication in its final form, its academic integrity or the reputation of the authors or the journal.
5.2.2 Corrigendum (or correction)
Notification of a critical error made by the author(s) which can affect the publication in its final form, its academic integrity or the reputation of the authors or the journal. This can be either a small portion of an otherwise reliable publication proves to be misleading, the author / contributor list is incorrect. For redundant publication, if article is published in our journal first, we will issue a notice of redundant publication, but the article will not be retracted.
5.2.3 Expression of concern
An expression of concern will be issued by the journal editors if they receive inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors, or if there is evidence that findings are unreliable but the authors’ institution will not investigate the case, or if editors believe that that an investigation into alleged misconduct related to the publication either has not been, or would not be, impartial or conclusive, or if an investigation is ongoing but a judgement will not be available for a stipulated time
5.2.4 Complete article retraction
Journal will promptly retract a published article if conclusive evidence is available. However, if an investigation is ongoing on the article at author’s institution or funding agencies then the editor will wait for outcome and then take a decision. When a published article is formally retracted, the following will be published promptly in all versions of the journal (print and electronic) to minimize harmful effects of misleading publication. Journal will also make sure retractions appear in all electronic searches.
a. For print version a retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” which is signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the subsequent issue of the journal in the print form.
b. For electronic version the link of the original article will be replaced by a note containing the retraction note and a link to the retracted article page will be given and it will be clearly identified as a retraction. The article contents will display the ‘Retracted’ watermark across its content and this content will be freely available.
c. It will be stated who retracted the article – author and/or journal editor
d. The reason(s) or basis for retraction will be clearly stated
e. Statements that are potentially defamatory will be avoided
If authorship is disputed after publication but there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings or the reliability of the data then the publication will not be retracted. Instead a corrigendum will be issued along with necessary evidences. Any author cannot dissociate themselves from a retracted publication because it is the joint responsibility of all authors and authors should have no reason to legally challenge a retraction. See Section 3 for our Submission Policy. We will conduct a proper investigation before a retraction and editor may decide to contact author’s institute or funding agency in such matters. Final decision rests with Editor-in-chief.
Notification of any additional information about a published paper which is of value to the readers.
Page last updated Nov 21, 2018